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President Obama presents Marine Sgt. Dakota Meyer with the Medal of Honor in a ceremony at the White House in Washington, D.C on September 15. (Rob Curtis / Staff)
Awarding highest military honor can take decades
Although the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have produced only 10 recipients of the Medal of Honor, including two this year, history shows that others are likely to join the list years after those conflicts are over.
Just four months ago, two soldiers were awarded the nation’s highest military honor for their heroism in the Korean War one for his actions in 1951, the other in 1952.
Last year, a hero of the Vietnam War was added to the list for his actions in 1968.
And just 10 years ago, one Civil War soldier and one from the 1898 Spanish-American War were awarded the medal.
This reflects the fact that acts of battlefield heroism sometimes do not come to light sufficiently until years or decades afterward. The small number awarded thus far from Iraq and Afghanistan also reflects the nature of those conflicts, in which set piece battles are less common than in past wars.
Sgt. Dakota Meyer, who received his medal from President Barack Obama on Thursday, is the sixth recipient from the Afghan war and just the third still living from that conflict. The two others are Army Staff Sgt. Leroy A. Petry, who received his medal in July, and Army Staff Sgt. Salvatore A. Giunta, who got his in last November.
Four have received the medal for actions in Iraq none still living. Two of them were awarded in 2008, one in 2007 and one in 2005.
It was not until 2007, six years into the Afghan war, that the conflict produced its first Medal of Honor recipient Navy Lt. Michael P. Murphy. The next was Army Sgt. 1st Class Jared C. Monti, in 2009. There were two last year: Giunta and Army Staff Sgt. Robert J. Miller.
Compared to the six for Afghanistan and four for Iraq, the Vietnam War has produced 248 recipients, the Korean War had 136, World War II had 467 and World War I had 119.
The Associated Press
Marine Sgt. Dakota Meyer, the first living Marine since the Vietnam War to earned the honor, was given the medal for heroic actions in Afghanistan in 2009. (Rob Curtis / Staff)
WASHINGTON Defying orders and tempting fate, Marine Cpl. Dakota Meyer charged five times in a Humvee into heavy gunfire in the darkness of an Afghanistan valley to rescue comrades under attack from Taliban insurgents.
On Thursday, Meyer was presented with the Medal of Honor, the nation's highest military award, by President Obama.
Meyer's courage during the six-hour ambush and firefight saved the lives of 36 people, both Americans and Afghans. He killed at least eight Taliban insurgents. Firing from a gun turret on top of the Humvee driven by a fellow Marine, he provided cover for his team, allowing many to escape likely death.
He was defying orders from his commanders, who told him to stay back. The kill zone, they said, was too dangerous. But the young corporal, just 21 at the time, knew his friends were trapped that early morning in September 2009.
"In Sgt. Dakota Meyer, we see the best of a generation that has served with distinction through a decade of war," Obama said during a ceremony in the East Room of the White House.
Meyer, later promoted to sergeant and now out of the Marines, is the third living recipient and the first Marine to be awarded the Medal of Honor for actions in Iraq or Afghanistan.
The modest, soft-spoken 23-year-old now lives in his home state of Kentucky, working construction in the tiny town of Greensburg.
Obama praised Meyer for his humility and work ethic. When the White House tried to reach him in the middle of a workday to tell him his medal had been approved, he worried about whether he could take a call while on the job. So the White House arranged for the president to call during Meyer's lunch break. With a smile, Obama thanked him for taking the call.
On the eve of the Medal of Honor ceremony, Obama and Meyer met in person, chatting on a patio near the White House Rose Garden, over a beer.
Despite Meyer's heroism, four Americans died in the ambush: Marine 1st Lt. Michael Johnson, 25, of Virginia Beach, Va.; Marine Staff Sgt. Aaron Kenefick, 30, of Roswell, Ga.; Navy Hospital Corpsman 3rd Class James Layton, 22, of Riverbank, Calif.; and Marine Gunnery Sgt. Edwin Wayne Johnson Jr., 31, of Columbus, Ga. A fifth man, Army Sgt. Kenneth W. Westbrook, 41, of Shiprock, N.M., later died from his wounds.
Meyer says he has struggled with the national attention, with being recognized for the worst day of his life. He requested that memorial services for those who died that day be held in their hometowns at the same time he received the Medal of Honor.
The president assured Meyer that he had let no one down.
"Dakota, I know you've grappled with the grief of that day, that you said your efforts were somehow a failure because your teammates didn't come home," the president said. "But as your commander in chief and on behalf of everyone here today and all Americans, I want you to know it's quite the opposite."
For all the praise heaped upon Meyer, questions have also been raised about whether the military could have prevented the deaths of the five Americans. Two Army officers were reprimanded for being "inadequate and ineffective" and for "contributing directly to the loss of life" following an investigation into the day's events.
"You can't say this with any certainty, but the chances are, in my opinion, that yes they would have been" still alive, said retired Col. Richard Hooker, who led the investigation. Hooker spoke during an interview with CBS' "60 Minutes."
Meyer was part of a security team supporting a patrol moving into a village in the Ganjgal Valley on Sept. 8, 2009. Suddenly, the lights in a nearby village went out and gunfire erupted. About 50 Taliban insurgents on mountainsides and in the village had ambushed the patrol.
As the forward team took fire and called for air support that wasn't coming, Meyer begged his command to let him head into the incoming fire to help.
Four times he was denied before he and another Marine, Staff Sgt. Juan Rodriguez-Chavez, jumped into the Humvee and headed into the fray. For his valor, Rodriguez-Chavez, a 34-year-old who hailed originally from Acuna, Mexico, would be awarded the Navy Cross.
With Meyer manning the Humvee's gun turret, the two drew heavy fire. But they began evacuating wounded Marines and American and Afghan soldiers to a safe point. Meyer made five trips into the kill zone.
During that fifth trip into the kill zone, a helicopter arrived at last to provide overhead support. Troops aboard the chopper told Meyer they had spotted what appeared to be four bodies. Meyer knew those were his friends.
"It might sound crazy, but it was just, you don't really think about it, you don't comprehend it, you don't really comprehend what you did until looking back on it," Meyer said.
Wounded and tired, Meyer left the relative safety of the Humvee and ran out on foot.
Ducking around buildings to avoid gunfire, he reached the bodies of his fallen comrades.
Meyer and two other troops dodged bullets and rocket-propelled grenades to pull the bodies out of a ditch where the men had died while trying to take cover.
Associated Press writers Dylan Lovan in Louisville, Ky., and Robert Burns in Washington contributed to this report.