The choice of the Osprey, while widely expected ever since the country laid out a requirement for 17 such aircraft in its National Defense Program Guidelines, released in April, may have have political ramifications for the government of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
The choice of the Osprey was announced on the Ministry of Defense's website Friday. There does not appear to have been any other competitors for the competition.
Designed by Bell Boeing, the V-22 is a tilt-rotor, multi-mission transport aircraft capable of moving 24 combat troops, 20,000 pounds of internal cargo or up to 15,000 pounds of external cargo. It is used primarily by the US Marines, which has a standing requirement for 360 MV-22 units around the world. US Air Force Special Forces currently operate 32 of the CV-22 variant.
In a statement, Boeing spokeswoman Caroline Hutcheson said the Bell Boeing team was "honored" by Japan's selection and pledged to work with the US government to arrange the foreign military sale portion of the agreement.
The Osprey has been highly controversial in Japan due to its reputation as an unsafe aircraft – a reputation earned after several public accidents in the early days of the technology. A recent appearance by the Osprey during Tsunami readiness drills drew a crowd of protesters.
In late October, the Marines held an event in Japan, attended by Abe, to showcase the Osprey.
"There are a lot of questions still regarding the MV-22 in Japan," Marine Maj. Giuseppe Stavale, a foreign area officer with 1st Marine Aircraft Wing, said in a service press release at the time. "We were able to explain to the prime minister and to those listening in about the capabilities of the aircraft and its safety."
Navy spokesman BillyRay Brown said the service will work with Japan on a foreign military sales process.
"Japan's announcement of the selection is validation that the V-22 meets its requirements," Brown said in a statement. "As the first production tiltrotor aircraft, the V-22 has proven itself capable in a number of roles. We look forward to continuing our support of the long-standing allied relationship between the U.S. Government and Japan."
Depending on when the agreement goes through, Japan will be either the first or second international customer for the V-22.
Israel has been developing a procurement plan that would involve moving production models from the
Marines over to the Israeli Defense Forces, but that deal is now under threat due to recent tensions between the administrations of
Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
A Marine Corps MV-22 Osprey sits on the flight deck of the Japanese destroyer Hyuga during exercises in June 2013.
Photo Credit: Navy
Eyes in the Sky
While the Osprey fills one requirement for Japan's military, two other holes were also filled.
Northrop also won with its E-2D Hawkeye aircraft, beating out Boeing's 737 AEW&C design for the right to supply command and control assets to Japan.
Japan has been focused on building up its surveillance assets in the region as neighboring China has become increasing aggressive. The two nations are locked in a cold war over the Senkaku islands, claimed by both China and Japan as part of their territory.
Aaron Mehta was deputy editor and senior Pentagon correspondent for Defense News, covering policy, strategy and acquisition at the highest levels of the Defense Department and its international partners.